Complete List of PAN-DB URL Filtering Categories

Complete List of PAN-DB URL Filtering Categories

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Created On 09/26/18 20:46 PM - Last Updated 11/19/20 21:41 PM


Environment
  • Any PAN-OS.
  • Palo Alto Firewall.
  • URL Categorization.


Resolution

If there is a specific site that you would like to determine the URL category, please visit this site to test the URL:https://urlfiltering.paloaltonetworks.com/
The following is a complete list of PAN-DB URL filtering categories:

CategoryDescriptionExample
AbortionSites that pertain to information or groups in favor of or against abortion, details regarding abortion procedures, help or support forums for or against abortion, or sites that provide information regarding the consequences/effects of pursuing (or not) an abortion.www.prochoiceamerica.org
www.prochoice.org
www.prolifeaction.org
Abused DrugsSites that promote the abuse of both legal and illegal drugs, use and sale of drug related paraphernalia, manufacturing and/or selling of drugs.www.cannabis.com
www.getkush.ca
www.magicmushroom.com
AdultSexually explicit material, media (including language), art, and/or products, online groups or forums that are sexually explicit in nature. Sites that promote adult services such as video/telephone conferencing, escort services, strip clubs, etc. Anything containing adult content (even if it's games or comics) will be categorized as adult.www.playboyplus.com
www.redtube.com
Alcohol and TobaccoSites that pertain to the sale, manufacturing, or use of alcohol and/or tobacco products and related paraphernalia. Includes sites related to electronic cigarettes.www.wine.com
www.thompsoncigars.com
www.cigarsinternational.com
www.thegoodwineguru.com
www.webtender.com
AuctionsSites that promote the sale of goods between individuals.www.ebay.com
www.internethorseauctions.com
Business and EconomyMarketing, management, economics, and sites relating to entrepreneurship or running a business. Includes advertising and marketing firms. Should not include corporate websites as they should be categorized with their technology.
Also shipping sites, such as fedex.com and ups.com.
www.bothsidesofthetable.com
www.ogilvy.com
www.geisheker.com
www.imageworksstudio.com
www.linearcreative.com
www.saleforce.com
www.xfinity.com
Command and ControlCommand-and-control URLs and domains used by malware and/or compromised systems to surreptitiously communicate with an attacker's remote server to receive malicious commands or exfiltrate data
Computer and Internet InfoGeneral information regarding computers and the internet. Should include sites about computer science, engineering, hardware, software, security, programming, etc. Programming may have some overlap with reference, but the main category should remain computer and internet info.www.redhat.com
www.freebsd.org
www.microsoft.com
www.symantec.com
www.oreilly.com
www.alexa.com
Content Delivery NetworksSites whose primary focus is delivering content to 3rd parties such as advertisements, media, files, etc.
Also includes image servers.
www.limelight.com
www.cdnvideo.com
www.akamai.com
Copyright InfringementDomains with illegal content, such as content that allows illegal download of software or other intellectual property, which poses a potential liability risk. This category was introduced to enable adherence to child protection laws required in the education industry as well as laws in countries that require internet providers to prevent users from sharing copyrighted material through their service. 
CryptocurrencyWebsites that promote cryptocurrencies, crypto mining websites (but not embedded crypto miners), cryptocurrency exchanges and vendors, and websites that manage cryptocurrency wallets and ledgers. This category does not include traditional financial services websites that reference cryptocurrencies, websites that explain and describe how cryptocurrencies and blockchains work, or websites that contain embedded crypto currency miners (grayware).coinbase.com
binance.com
bittrex.com
blockchain.com
crypto.com
DatingWebsites offering online dating services, advice, and other personal adswww.match.com
www.eharmony.com
www.okcupid.com
Dynamic DNSHosts and domain names for systems with dynamically assigned IP addresses and which are oftentimes used to deliver malware payloads or C2 traffic. Also, dynamic DNS domains do not go through the same vetting process as domains that are registered by a reputable domain registration company, and are therefore less trustworthy.www.no-ip.com
www.dnsexit.com
Educational InstitutionsOfficial websites for schools, colleges, universities, school districts, online classes, and other academic institutions. These refer to larger, established educational institutions such as elementary schools, high schools, universities, etc. Tutoring academies can go here as well.www.ucla.edu
www.phoenix.edu
www.sfusd.edu
Entertainment and ArtsSites for movies, television, radio, videos, programming guides/tools, comics, performing arts, museums, art galleries, or libraries. Includes sites for entertainment, celebrity and industry news.www.variety.com
www.tmz.com
www.moma.org
www.eventbrite.com
ExtremismWebsites promoting terrorism, racism, fascism, or other extremist views discriminating against people or groups of different ethnic backgrounds, religions or other beliefs. This category was introduced to enable adherence to child protection laws required in the education industry. In some regions, laws and regulations may prohibit allowing access to extremist sites, and allowing access may pose a liability risk.www.kkk.com
www.stormfront.org
www.chimpmania.com
Financial ServicesWebsites pertaining to personal financial information or advice, such as online banking, loans, mortgages, debt management, credit card companies, and insurance companies.
Does not include sites relating to stock markets, brokerages or trading services.Includes sites for foreign currency exchange.
Includes sites for foreign currency exchange.
www.chase.com
www.paypal.com
www.salliemae.com
GamblingLottery or gambling websites that facilitate the exchange of real and/or virtual money. Related websites that provide information, tutorials or advice regarding gambling, including betting odds and pools.
Corporate websites for hotels and casinos that do not enable gambling are categorized under Travel.
www.fulltiltpoker.com
www.vegasbettinglines.com
www.bet365.com
GamesSites that provide online play or download of video and/or computer games, game reviews, tips, or cheats, as well as instructional sites for non-electronic games, sale/trade of board games, or related publications/media.
Includes sites that support or host online sweepstakes and/or giveaways.
www.gamespot.com
www.ign.com
www.1up.com
www.twitch.tv
GovernmentOfficial websites for local, state, and national governments, as well as related agencies, services, or laws.www.ca.gov
www.sfgov.org
dmv.ca.gov
www.usps.com
GraywareWebsites and services that do not meet the definition of a virus or pose a direct security threat but displays obtrusive behavior and influences users to grant remote access or perform other unauthorized actions. Grayware includes scams, illegal activities, criminal activities, get rich quick sites, adware, and other unwanted or unsolicited applications, such as embedded crypto miners or hijackers that change the elements of the browser. Typosquatting domains that do not exhibit maliciousness and is not owned by the targeted domain will be categorized as grayware. Prior to Content release version 8206, the firewall placed grayware in either the malware or questionable URL category. If you are unsure about whether to block grayware, start by alerting on grayware, investigate the alerts, and then decide whether to block grayware or continue to alert on grayware. 
HackingSites relating to the illegal or questionable access to or the use of communications equipment/software. Development and distribution of programs, how-to-advice and/or tips that may result in the compromise of networks and systems. Also includes sites that facilitate the bypass of licensing and digital rights systems.www.hackspc.com
www.hackthissite.org
Health and MedicineSites containing information regarding general health information, issues, and traditional and non-traditional tips, remedies, and treatments.
Also includes sites for various medical specialties, practices and facilities (such as gyms and fitness clubs) as well as professionals. Sites relating to medical insurance and cosmetic surgery are also included.
www.kaiserpermanente.org
www.webmd.com
www.24hourfitness.com
Home and GardenInformation, products, and services regarding home repair and maintenance, architecture, design, construction, décor, and gardening.www.bhg.com
www.homedepot.com
www.gardenweb.com
Hunting and FishingHunting and fishing tips, instructions, sale of related equipment and paraphernalia.www.wildlifelicense.com
www.outdoorlife.com
Insufficient ContentWebsites and services that present test pages, no content, provide API access not intended for end-user display or require authentication without displaying any other content suggesting a different categorization.
Should not include websites providing remote access, such as web based VPN solutions, web based email services or identified credential phishing pages.
Internet Communications and TelephonySites that support or provide services for video chatting, instant messaging, or telephony capabilities.www.skype.com
www.slack.com
www.gotomeeting.com
Internet PortalsSites that serve as a starting point for users, usually by aggregating a broad set of content and topics.www.yahoo.com
www.qq.com
www.msn.com
Job SearchSites that provide job listings and employer reviews, interview advice and tips, or related services for both employers and prospective candidates.www.monster.com
www.indeed.com
www.simplyhired.com
LegalInformation, analysis or advice regarding the law, legal services, legal firms, or other legal related issues.www.probono.net
www.findlaw.com
MalwareSites known to host malware or used for command and control (C2) traffic. May also exhibit Exploit Kits.
MilitaryInformation or commentary regarding military branches, recruitment, current or past operations, or any related paraphernalia.www.goarmy.com
www.pentagon.mil
Motor VehiclesInformation relating to reviews, sales and trading, modifications, parts, and other related discussions for automobiles, motorcycles, boats, trucks and RVs.www.edmunds.com
www.carfax.com
www.audi.com
www.discounttire.com
MusicMusic sales, distribution, or information. Includes websites for music artists, groups, labels, events, lyrics, and other information regarding the music business.
Does not include streaming music.
www.u2.com
www.itunes.com
www.azlyrics.com
Newly Registered Domain*Newly registered domains are often generated purposely or by domain generation algorithms and used for malicious activity. 
NewsOnline publications, newswire services, and other websites that aggregate current events, weather, or other contemporary issues. Includes newspapers, radio stations, magazines, and podcasts.www.reuters.com
www.abcnews.com
www.weather.com
Not-resolvedIndicates that the website was not found in the local URL filtering database and the firewall was unable to connect to the cloud database to check the category. When a URL category lookup is performed, the firewall first checks the dataplane cache for the URL, if no match is found, it will then check the management plane cache, and if no match is found there, it queries the URL database in the cloud. When deciding on what action to take for traffic that is categorized as not-resolved, be aware that setting the action to block may be very disruptive to users.
NuditySites that contain nude or seminude depictions of the human body, regardless of context or intent, such as artwork. Includes nudist or naturist sites containing images of participants.www.nudistbeaches.nl
Online Storage and BackupWebsites that provide online storage of files for free and as a service.www.dropbox.com
www.evernote.com
www.slideshare.net
ParkedDomains registered by individuals, oftentimes later found to be used for credential phishing. These domains may be similar to legitimate domains, for example, pal0alto0netw0rks.com, with the intent of phishing for credentials or personal identify information. Or, they may be domains that an individual purchases rights to in hopes that it may be valuable someday, such as panw.net.
Peer-to-PeerSites that provide access to or clients for peer-to-peer sharing of torrents, download programs, media files, or other software applications. This is primarily for those sites that provide bittorrent download capabilities.
Does not include shareware or freeware sites.
www.thepiratebay.org
www.emule-project.net
www.bitcomet.com
Personal Sites and BlogsPersonal websites and blogs by individuals or groups. Should try to first categorize based on content. For example, if someone has a blog just about cars, then the site should be categorized under "motor vehicles". However, if the site is a pure blog, then it should remain under "personal sites and blogs".www.blogspot.com
www.wordpress.com
www.blogger.com
Philosophy and Political AdvocacySites containing information, viewpoints or campaigns regarding philosophical or political views.www.bradyunited.org
www.ontheissues.org
www.the-philosophy.com
PhishingKnown to host credential phishing pages or phishing for personal identification.
Private IP AddressesThis category includes IP addresses defined in RFC 1918, 'Address Allocation for Private Intranets? It also includes domains not registered with the public DNS system ( *.local and *.onion).10.0.0.0 - 10.255.255.255 (10/8 prefix)
172.16.0.0 - 172.31.255.255 (172.16/12 prefix)
192.168.0.0 - 192.168.255.255 (192.168/16 prefix)
169.254.0.0 - 169.254.255.255 (169.254/16 prefix)
Proxy Avoidance and AnonymizersURLs and services often used to bypass content filtering products.www.proxify.com
www.hide.me
www.anonym.to
QuestionableWebsites containing tasteless humor, offensive content targeting specific demographics of individuals, or groups of people.www.collegehumor.com
www.9gag.com
Real EstateInformation on property rentals, sales and related tips or information. Includes sites for real estate agents, firms, rental services, listings (and aggregates), and property improvement.www.realtor.com
www.redfin.com
www.zillow.com
Recreation and HobbiesInformation, forums, associations, groups, and publications on recreations and hobbies.www.cross-stitching.com
www.modelaircraft.org
Reference and ResearchPersonal, professional, or academic reference portals, materials, or services. Includes online dictionaries, maps, almanacs, census information, libraries, genealogy and scientific information.www.wikipedia.org
www.reference.com
www.m-w.com
ReligionInformation regarding various religions, related activities or events. Includes websites for religious organizations, officials and places of worship.Includes sites for fortune telling.www.vatican.va
www.sjkoreancatholic.org
www.biblesociety.ca
Search EnginesSites that provide a search interface using keywords, phrases, or other parameters that may return information, websites, images or files as results.www.google.com
www.baidu.com
www.bing.com
Sex EducationInformation on reproduction, sexual development, safe sex practices, sexually transmitted diseases, birth control, tips for better sex, as well as any related products or related paraphernalia. Includes websites for related groups, forums or organizations.www.plannedparenthood.org
www.sexetc.org
Shareware and FreewareSites that provide access to software, screensavers, icons, wallpapers, utilities, ringtones, themes or widgets for free and/or donations. Also includes open source projects.www.download.com
www.sourceforge.net
www.github.com
ShoppingSites that facilitate the purchase of goods and services. Includes online merchants, websites for department stores, retail stores, catalogs, as well as sites that aggregate and monitor prices. Sites listed here should be online merchants that sell a variety of items (or whose main purpose is online sales). A webpage for a cosmetics company that also happens to allow online purchasing should be categorized with cosmetics and not shopping.www.amazon.com
www.pricegrabber.com
www.lightningdrops.com
www.aliexpress.com
Social NetworkingUser communities and sites where users interact with each other, post messages, pictures, or otherwise communicate with groups of people. Does not include blogs or personal sites.www.facebook.com
www.twitter.com
www.linkedin.com
SocietyTopics relating to the general population, issues that impact a large variety of people, such as fashion, beauty, philanthropic groups, societies, or children. Also includes restaurant websites.Includes websites designed for children as well as restaurants.www.redcross.org
www.harpersbazaar.com
www.foodnetwork.com
www.savethechildren.org
SportsInformation about sporting events, athletes, coaches, officials, teams or organizations, sports scores, schedules and related news, and any related paraphernalia. Includes websites regarding fantasy sports and other virtual sports leagues.www.espn.com
www.nba.com
sports.yahoo.com
Stock Advice and ToolsInformation regarding the stock market, trading of stocks or options, portfolio management, investment strategies, quotes, or related news.www.thestreet.com
www.bloomberg.com
www.investopedia.com
Streaming MediaSites that stream audio or video content for free and/or purchase.Includes online radio stations and other streaming music services.www.hulu.com
www.youtube.com
www.pandora.com
www.spotify.com
Swimsuits and Intimate ApparelSites that include information or images concerning swimsuits, intimate apparel or other suggestive clothing.www.victoriassecret.com
www.brazilianswimwear.com
Training and ToolsSites that provide online education and training and related materials.Can include driving/traffic schools, workplace training, etc.www.trafficschoolonline.com
www.moodle.com
www.redvector.com
www.quizlet.com
TranslationSites that provide translation services, including both user input and URL translations. These sites can also allow users to circumvent filtering as the target page's content is presented within the context of the translator's URL.translate.google.com
bing.com/translator
babelfish.com
TravelInformation regarding travel tips, deals, pricing information, destination information, tourism, and related services. Includes websites for hotels, local attractions, casinos, airlines, cruise lines, travel agencies, vehicle rentals and sites that provide booking tools such as price monitors.Includes websites for local points of interest/tourist attractions such as the Eiffel Tower, the Grand Canyon, etc.www.kayak.com
www.farecompare.com
www.tripadvisor.com
www.jetblue.com
UnknownSites that have not yet been identified by PAN-DB. If availability is critical to your business and you must allow the traffic, alert on unknown sites, apply the best practice Security profiles to the traffic, and investigate the alerts.
WeaponsSales, reviews, descriptions of or instructions regarding weapons and their use.www.israeli-weapons.com
www.grabagun.com
Web AdvertisementsAdvertisements, media, content, and banners.www.doubleclick.com
www.popads.net
Web HostingFree or paid for hosting services for web pages, including information regarding web development, publication, promotion, and other methods to increase traffic.www.godaddy.com
www.fatcow.com
Web-based EmailAny website that provides access to an email inbox and the ability to send and receive emails.126.com
outlook.com
gmail.com

 

CategoryDescription
High Risk*
Sites that were previously confirmed to be malicious but have displayed benign activity for at least 30 days. Sites hosted on bulletproof ISPs or using an IP from an ASN that has known malicious content. Sites sharing a domain with a known malicious site. All sites in the “Unknown” category will be high risk.
 
Medium Risk*
Sites confirmed to be malicious but have displayed benign activity for at least 60 days. All sites in the “Online Storage and Backup” category will be medium risk by default.
 
Low Risk*
Any site that is not High Risk or Medium Risk. This includes sites that were previously confirmed as malicious but have displayed benign activity for at least 90 days.
 
 

*This category requires PAN-OS 9.0 and higher. Please see the Multi-Category URL Filtering feature description for more information.
PAN-OS version 8.0 and above has a way of blocking Corporate Credential Submissions. Refer Prevent Credential Phishing for details.



Additional Information
Please click here for Palo Alto Networks URL Test Pages. 

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